Lantern-slide image of Hieizan Enryakuji temple at Mount Hiei, Kyoto, ca. 1900-10, attributed to Kozaburo Tamura and published by T. Takagi of Kobe, Japan. The colour in the image was added later and may not be accurate.
It was on Mount Hiei that the monk Saicho (767-822) established the first Tendai monastery in Japan. Enryakuji became a great center of Buddhist learning that influenced all schools of Buddhism in Japan for centuries. At its peak Enryakuji had as many as 3,000 sub-temples and an army of warrior monks to protect them.